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Pruning trees is a critical part of garden maintenance and care. Regular pruning encourage healthy development and attractive arrangements of branches and foliage, resulting to stronger plants. Pruning is particularly critical for fruit bearing trees, assuming that the main objective is production of fruits.
Which is the Best Season to Prune Your Ornamental Trees?
The best time for pruning is during the winter season, when the trees are dormant. Because your decorative trees are quite inactive, the removal of limbs is less stressful to them. Moreover, it is much easier to fully see the structure of the tree without its leaves, and hence being able to find problem areas such as competing leader branches, broken or cracked limbs, weak crotches, rubbing branches, and much more.
By pruning your decorative trees during the winter seasons, the pruned tree will then have enough time to properly seal the wounds before the growing season begins, and also there will be less sap running from the wounds. Moreover, since disease organisms and insects are not active at this time of the year, it greatly minimizes the risk of pest infestation or even infection.
Pruning in the spring as a general rule is discouraged as it can significantly damage the tree by interfering with new growth. Pruning in the fall disrupts the tree development as it gets ready to conserve energy for the winter. All in all, no more than 25% to 30% of a plant’s total volume ought to be removed in pruning.
Which are The Right Tools to Use When Pruning Your Trees?
A number of tools are needed when pruning decorative trees in your yard. Here are some of the commonly used tree pruning tools.
• Pruning shears: You can either use long-handled or short-handled pruning shears for snipping small shoots and branches.
• Pruning saws: Used for removing thicker branches and are normally needed for trees that have not been regularly pruned in the past. The new tri-edge folding saws are fast replacing the older variety of bow saws.
• A ladder: This is an especially important tool and that is quite useful in all pruning activities as it ensure that all parts of the tree are easily reached.
• A pruning sealer: Although some people feel that sealers increase the risk of rot, they significantly reduce the loss of sap and moisture in a pruned tree.
• Loppers: There are two kinds of loppers, anvil and bypass. But whatever type you opt for, loppers have longer handles and blades that are designed to cut unwanted branches ¾ inch up to 1.5 inch in diameter.
Which Parts of the Tree Need to Be Removed in Pruning?
During the pruning session, any diseased and dead branches must be removed, along with those that weigh or cross on each other. Branches which look unstable and adventitious shoots, particularly those growing around the base of the trunk, all need to be removed.
How Do You Cut the Branches?
Branches must always be clipped near a junction, and never “tipped” or cut haphazardly. Branches cut must be removed at the “collar”, that is, the raised area where they meet the trunk. When removing the bad branches, additional ones will appear that are also ready for removal for aesthetic reasons. Removing outlying branches increases the density, promoting an even appearance.
Why Keep the Top of the Tree Low?
In garden care and maintenance, gardeners often practice crown reduction in order to keep the top part of the tree low, especially around power lines. This promotes circulation of light and air through the middle of the tree.
There are a number of safety caveats to keep in mind when pruning trees. To start with, never prune around a utility line without consulting the concerned service provider. Always make sure that the pruning tools are razor-sharp, for own safety and the tree’s health. Keep the pruning ladder on an even, level ground, and work with an assistant who can warn you if a position looks dangerous. For more helpful information on how to safely prune your ornamental tree winter season, it is recommended that you visit Manhattan nurseries today and get more information from the experts.